TULLAHOMA AREA MAP JULY 1863

This is a map of Tullahoma during the Civil War just after the Confederates had retreated following the Stones River Battle in Murphreesboro. The red marks identify the Confederate lines. The street where the spur to the Northeast leaves the main Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad line is the present Lauderdale Street thus at that time most of the city of Tullahoma was south of the present city. Following a feint toward Shelbyville, the Union forces advanced south to the east of Tullahoma and the Confederates in Tullahoma had to hasten to Cowan thence to Chattanooga to avoid being encircled by the Union forces. Thus the expected Battle of Tullahoma never happened.

FOR A DETAILED ACCOUNT OF THE TULLAHOMA CAMPAIGN GO TO;
http://www.aotc.net/Tullahoma.htm

FOR A UNION SOLDIERS ACCOUNT OF THE TULLAHOMA CAMPAIGN GO TO:
http://members.tripod.com/~ProlificPains/tullahoma.htm
Note also the wealth of material available at the end of these pages.

FOR THE COWAN TUNNEL SEE:
http://www.mtsu.edu/~cwtech/railroad/tunnel_cowan.html


FOR A VIEW OF THE TULLAHOMA CONFEDERATE CEMETERY SEE:
http://www.snghere1.homestead.com/confederatecemetery.html

Note that on this site there is a fine view of the Baillet home for it was used as a Confederate Hospital

IN 1863, 1864 AND 1865, TULLAHOMA WAS OCCUPIED BY UNION FORCES AND MAJ. GEN'L MILROY ISSUED THE FOLLOWING ORDERS IN AN ATTEMPT TO CONTROL THOSE WHO OBJECTED TO THE HARSH OCCUPATION:

CIRCULAR.
HEADQUARTERS DEFENCES N. & C.R.R.} TULLAHOMA, TENN. Feb. 1, 1865.
To the people of Coffee, Lincoln, Bedford, Franklin, Marshall, Grundy, Warren and Cannon Counties, State of Tennessee, and of Jackson County, Alabama:

It is ordered that all the male residents from the age of fourteen (14) years and upwards in every neighborhood in said Counties shall, within ten (10) days after receiving this order, organize themselves into HOME GUARD COMPANIES of convenient size, from forty (40) to one hundred and fifty (150), according to population and convenience of each neighborhood, for the purpose of exterminating and driving out all Bushwhackers, Horse Thieves and other lawless men and restoring law and order.

Every male resident of said counties over fourteen (14) years without regard to age, infirmity or occupation, is required to enroll his name in the Company of his neighborhood within five (5) days after the organization of the Company, on pain of being considered disloyal and treated accordingly. Those incapacitated from age. disease, or being cripples, can give their influence, counsel, advice, send information, &c., &c. Only those able for active field duty will be expected to turn out when they hear of Bushwhackers, Guerrillas or Thieves in their neighborhood, or when ordered to do so by their officers (unless expressly named).

Each company will organize by enrolling their names and selecting some men of well known loyalty, as Captain, who must be confirmed by Maj. Gen. Commanding, and furnished with instructions before he will be empowered to act.The Captain to appoint one first and one second lieutenant, five sergeants and eight corporals, and five members to constitute a company court for the trial of all crimes and offences committed by members of the company. Each company to continue its organization so long as it shall be deemed necessary for the peace and safety of the neighborhood. Each neighborhood failing or refusing to organize a company within ten days after receiving or hearing of this order will be considered disloyal and treated accordingly. The time having come for all men to take sides, and either show themselves the active friends of the Union and of law and order, or openly join the enemy, inaction on the part on anyone will be no longer tolerated. The location, names of officers, and strength of each company to be promptly reported to these Headquarters when organized, that measures to their arming may be taken, and instructions given.
By Command of MAJ. GEN'L MILROY A.W.BILLINGS, Major and Provost Marshal

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